EU Commission Memo: Frontex Joint Operation ‘Triton’ – Concerted efforts to manage migration in the Central Mediterranean

“Frontex Joint Operation “Triton’ – Concerted efforts to manage migration in the Central Mediterranean,” from the EU Commission:

Weeks after the tragic drowning of over 300 persons around the Island of Lampedusa in October 2013, Italy launched a major search and rescue operation called ‘Mare Nostrum’.

The Mare Nostrum operation is on-going close to the Libyan coast with Italian naval assets. The EU has supported the operation financially with €1.8 million from the emergency actions under the External Borders Fund.

Assistance to Italy has also been provided through the two Frontex coordinated operations Hermes and Aeneas.

The joint operations Hermes coordinated by Frontex has, in one form or the other and with few interruptions, been going on for several years. Italy has acted as the sole host state.

This joint operation is on-going close to the Italian coast to control the EU external borders with a yearly budget for 2014 of around €5 million. In accordance with the host state’s request, sea borne assets in the operation come from Italy (Coast Guard and/or Guardia di Finanza); other Member States contribute with one surveillance aircraft and guest officers on land to help with screening/debriefing.

Frontex also coordinated joint operation Aeneas with Italy as host state. This operation mainly focussed on migratory flows from Egypt and Turkey (via Greece) to Italy…

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